Charles Goodyear invented vulcanised rubber in 1844 that was later used for tyres.

In 1888, John Dunlop invented the air-filled or pneumatic tyres. These, however, were for bicycles.

In 1895, André Michelin was the first person to use pneumatic tyres on an automobile. This, however, was not successful.

In 1911, Philip Strauss invented the first successful tyre, which was a combination tyre and an air-filled inner tube. Strauss' company the Hardman Tire & Rubber Company marketed the tyres.

In 1903, P.W. Litchfield of the Goodyear Tire Company patented the first tubeless tyre. However, it was never commercially exploited until the 1954 Packard.

In 1904, mountable rims were introduced that allowed drivers to fix their own flats. In 1908, Frank Seiberling invented grooved tyres with improved road traction.

In 1910, B.F. Goodrich Company invented tyres with a longer life by adding carbon to the rubber.

Goodrich also invented the first synthetic rubber tyres in 1937 made of a patented substance called Chemigum.

Pneumatic tyre

John Boyd Dunlop (1840-1921) was a Scottish veterinarian and the recognised inventor of the first practical pneumatic or inflatable tyre. His patent was for a bicycle tire, granted in 1888. However, Robert William Thomson (1822-1873) invented the actual first vulcanised rubber pneumatic tyre. He patented his pneumatic tyre in 1845; his invention worked well but was to costly to catch on. Dunlop's tire patented in 1888 did, and he rec eived the most recognition. William Thomson also patented a fountain pen (1849) and a steam traction engine (1867).